What is Bone Grafting?
Over time, the jawbone that once held missing teeth is reabsorbed, leaving sparse suitable bone to be used for dental implants. Patients in this situation have historically not been eligible for placement of dental implants. Today however, we have the ability to grow bone, not only giving us the opportunity to place properly-sized implants where needed, but also restore previous functionality and appearance.
Types of Bone Grafts
Bone Graft Substitutes
The following synthetic materials are a safe and proven alternative to real bone:
- Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM)/Demineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft (DFDBA): Available in the form of powder, putty, chips, or as an injectable gel, this extraction from the allograft bone contains collagen, proteins, and growth factors.
- Graft Composites: Consisting of bone graft materials and growth factors, graft composites achieve the benefits of a variety of substances including: collagen/ceramic composite (which closely resembles the composition of natural bone), the combination of DBM and bone marrow cells (aiding the growth of new bone), or a collagen/ceramic/autograft composite.
- Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: BMPs are proteins that are naturally produced in the body, promoting and regulating bone formation and healing.
Synthetic materials also only require one procedure, reducing risk and pain. Dr. Rezvan will evaluate the risks and benefits of each bone grafting option to determine which type of bone graft material is right for you.