Dr. Rezvan and the hygienists will look for abnormalities, feeling the face, glands, and neck for unusual bumps. Lasers may be used to highlight pathologic changes, and can “look” below the surface for spots and lesions invisible to the naked eye, but the exam is completely painless. Some of the signs that will be investigated are red patches and sores. Red patches on the floor of the mouth or the front of the tongue, and bleeding sores that won’t seem to heal can be indicative of cancerous changes. Signs of leukoplakia, a hardened white or gray, slightly raised lesion that can appear inside the mouth, will be examined as well. Finally, soreness, lumps or the general thickening of tissue anywhere in the throat or mouth will be examined, as they can signal pathologic signs.
If there is a presence of abnormalities, lesions, lumps, or leukoplakia, Dr. Rezvan will suggest a treatment plan that is right for you. Treatment options vary according to the patient and the diagnosis, but may include: excision, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
It’s important to note that over 75% of oral cancers are linked with avoidable behaviors including smoking, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption. Dr. Rezvan will be able to provide you with information about quitting dangerous behaviors such as tobacco use.